Your Career in Educational Management

Your Career in Educational Management

Education administrators direct the daily activities of elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, and preschool centers and day care programs. They also run educational programs in businesses, job training organizations, correctional facilities, and other organizations that have educational components. There is growing recognition of the essential roles school administrators play in student achievement.

Included in this profession are principals, assistant principals, and higher education administrators. Excluded are school superintendents, college and university presidents, and other educational administrators who operate at the chief executive level and do not oversee day-to-day activities.

About one out of three education administrators work more than 40 hours a week; they often supervise activities at night and on weekends. While some work only during the school year, many work year round.

Salaries and Job Prospects for Educational Managers

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the mean annual wage for elementary and secondary school administrators was $86,060 in May 2008. For administrators in preschool and child care programs, the mean annual wage was $46,370. For postsecondary education administrators the mean annual wage was $92,920. Benefits for educational administrators typically include four to five weeks of paid vacation plus generous benefits packages.

A sharp increase in administrative responsibilities, a growing number of regulations, and severe budgetary problems have increased the stress and demands on principals and assistant principals. Teachers who may have moved into management positions in the past are reluctant to take on these burdens. There is, therefore, an overall shortage of elementary and secondary school principals and assistant principals. As a result, job prospects for principals and assistant principals are very good.

Requirements for Educational Managers

Most public schools require principals, assistant principals, and school district administrators to have a master's degree in education administration or educational leadership. Doctoral degrees are not uncommon. Many educators hold teaching positions before moving into management. Licensing requirements vary by state; individual states may have additional licensing or certification requirements.

Most states require directors of childcare and preschool centers to be licensed, which usually requires a certain number of years of experience or hours of coursework or a combination of both. Some states require a college degree; many expect a general preschool education credential.

In hiring educational managers, institutions look for skills in leadership, interpersonal communication, organization, and computer technology. School administrators must be able to make sound decisions, motivate others, and work under pressure. They must have knowledge and experience with leadership principles and practices.

Graduate Studies in Educational Management

Graduate programs in educational management are designed for teachers with bachelor's degrees in education who want to become principals or other administrators in educational settings. Basic coursework covers educational theory, management, conflict resolution, learning development, statistics, leadership, educational law, and organizational analysis. Many programs allow students to specialize in one aspect of educational management.

To accommodate the needs of working people, many colleges and universities offer graduate degree and certificate programs online.

Schools Offering General Teaching Courses: